Chronic anxiety and depression are debilitating mood disorders that ought to be cured with the help of a therapist. There are different approaches or modes in treating anxiety and depression. The different classes of anxiety medication which are generally recommended on the patient are relatively considered depending on the variant of the disorder.
There are some general classifications of anxiety disorders are given below:
- Simple Phobias
- Panic Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generally, the diagnosis of anxiety disorder is based on the manifested physical indications. There are different classes of medications for anxiety that your licensed therapist can prescribe – the different classes of Anxiety Medications are described below.
Different Classes of Anti-Anxiety Medications
What They Are: This type of drugs provides a calming effect on the body and mind by reducing mind activity. Generally, Benzodiazepines medicine is used to treat the short-term anxiety.
What Types are Available: The Benzodiazepines class includes alprazolam, lorazepam, diazepam, and clonazepam.
Why They’re Used: These drugs are very effective in reducing muscular tension and physical symptoms of anxiety.
What are the Side Effects: As we already discussed that Benzodiazepines is used only for short term management of anxiety. You may find some side effects from this drug like
- Lack of energy
- Impaired judgment
- Stomach upset
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
What They Are: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) relieve symptoms by blocking the reuptake, or reabsorption, of serotonin by the nerve cells in brain. It helps to improve the mood of a person by increasing the serotonin level.
What Types are Available: The Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors class includes sertraline, escitalopram, citalopram, paroxetine, and fluoxetine.
Why They’re Used: Generally, they are used for the treatment of all anxiety disorders, although the treatment of OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) requires higher doses.
Side Effects of SSRIs: The common side effects include weight gain, sleepiness or insomnia, and sexual dysfunction.
What They Are: Beta blockers are used primarily high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension produces anxiety. The most recommended drugs in this category work to block the neurotransmitter hormone norepinephrine to control various symptoms of anxiety like blushing, rapid heartbeat, trembling, and shaking.
What Types are Available: The most commonly prescribed beta blockers are used to treat anxiety includes Tenormin (Atenolol) and Inderal (Propranolol).
Why They’re Used: Anxiety disorder is like a feedback loop where the person suffers physical symptoms such as a rapid heart beat, feelings of unreality, etc. Beta blockers reduce the emotional effects such as fear of the feelings. These drugs work for social anxiety.
What are the Side Effects of BETA BLOCKERS?
- Slowed pulse
What They Are: The oldest form of medication for anxiety and depression is tricyclic antidepressants. This anti anxiety medicine works by inhibiting the serotonin neurotransmitters and reuptake of norepinephrine (noradrenaline).
Types of Tricyclic Antidepressants-
- Imipramine (Tofranil)
- Doxepin (Sinequan or Adapin)
- Clomipramine (Anafranil)
- Amitriptyline (Elavil)
Side Effects: However, this drug is now rarely prescribed due to its several side effects.
- Urinary retention,
- Orthostatic hypotension (drop in blood pressure on standing),
- Blurry vision constipation,
- Dry mouth
Withdrawal Symptoms of Anti-Anxiety Medications
Many people stops to take anti-anxiety drugs without consulting their doctors. It can cause withdrawal symptoms when stopped anti-anxiety drugs suddenly. If you have been taking any medication to treat anxiety for some time and want to stop it, then you must consult your physician for directions on how to taper. Generally, Tricyclic Antidepressants and Benzodiazepines with a short half-life will produce the most withdrawal symptoms.
Both Physical and mental withdrawal symptoms are the main characteristic of anti-anxiety Medications. As your body has become habituated to the drugs you have been using, it can react adversely when you stop suddenly. You may feel weak and shaky, be tachycardic and sweat profusely when you are in withdrawal mode.
Are All Anti-Anxiety Medications have side effects?
We are not claiming that all anti anxiety medications are bad, but if we talk about these medications you may get some side effects of each anti anxiety medications.
We are going to give a list of the most common side effects of anti- anxiety medication:
- Increased heart rate
- Heart palpitations
- Dry mouth
- Nervousness and insomnia
- Agitation (feeling jittery)
- Blurred vision
- Weight gain
- Bladder problems
- Sexual problems
There can also be more serious side effects like muscle rigidity, confusion, fever, and liver, kidney, or cardiac problems. In some cases homicidal rages have been blamed on these medicines use. Here we would like to tell you something natural treatment for anxiety disorder. You would ever hear about the term “Panic Away”. This is an eBook which is founded by Barry Joseph McDonagh. His technique is claimed to treat panic disorders within few minutes.
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